Composer Name: Frederic Francois Chopin
Born : March 1, 1810
Died : October 17, 1849
Nationality : Polish
Frederic Chopin was born in Belazowa Wola, a village in the Duchy of Warsaw. He was the second of four children of a French man, Mikolaj (Nicholas) Chopin, and his Polish wife, Justina.
When Chopin was 7 years old, he was already completed two polonaises (in G minor and B-flat major), the first being published in the engraving workshop of Father Cybulski in 1817. After a year, he performed a concerto by Adalbert Gyrowetz in public. From 1816 to 1822, he got his first professional piano lessons from the violinist Wojciech Zywny.
Chopin’s talent was further developed by the supervision of Wilhelm Wurfel, a renowned pianist and professor at the Warsaw Conservatory who gave him valuable lessons in playing organ and piano. Chopin attended the Warsaw Lyceum from 1823 to 1826, where his father was a professor. In the autumn of 1826, Chopin began studying with the composer Jozef Elsner for music theory, figured bass, and composition at the Warsaw Conservatory. In 1831, he left Poland for Vienna. After that, he settled down in Paris and spent much of his life there.
Life in Paris
In Paris, Chopin has been employed as both a recitalist and teacher. He has composed the nocturnes of op. 9 and 15, the scherzo in B-flat minor, op. 31 and the sonata in B-flat minor, op. 35.
Chopin was secretly engaged to a Polish girl Maria Wodzinska in 1836, but the engagement was called off later. He met the novelist Amandine-Aurore-Lucile Dupin, better known as George Sand at a party hosted by Countess Marie d’Agoult in the same year.
Most of Chopin’s major works were completed by 1849 and he has concentrated on mazurkas and nocturnes. His health was deteriorating by the 1840s. Chopin has traveled to the British Isles and made his last public appearance on November 16, 1848. In 1849, he died of tuberculosis. However, his autopsy report findings showed that he may have had another disease such as cystic fibrosis or emphysema. Chopin’s last work was a mazurka in F minor.
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Life of Chopin: A Chopin Biography Written by a 19 century’s Famous Pianist and Chopin’s Friend – Franz Listz
The Best Chopin Music
Being a great composer in the Romantic era, Chopin has composed 65 opuses in his whole life. His works include pieces for piano solo as well as compositions for orchestra and other instruments. The vast genre of Chopin’s piano solo includes ballade, impromptu, nocturne, prelude, rondo, scherzo, sonata, waltz, polonaise, mazurka and etude.
A list of Chopin’s work can be found here.
Chopin’s Prelude Op. 28 No. 15 (Raindrop Prelude) Performed by Valentina Igoshina:
Chopin Sheet Music
Chopin: The Ultimate Piano Collection is a book with a complete collection of Chopin’s work. Definitely a must have for all Chopin lovers.
Some of the famous quotes by Chopin:
“Sometimes I can only groan, suffer, and pour out my despair at the piano!”
“Put all your soul into it, play the way you feel!”
“It is dreadful when something weighs on your mind, not to have a soul to unburden yourself to. You know what I mean. I tell my piano the things I used to tell you.”
“All the same it is being said everywhere that I played too softly, or rather, too delicately for people used to the piano-pounding of the artists here.”
“There are certain times when I feel more inspired, filled with a strong power that forces me to listen to my inner voice, and when I feel more need than ever for a Pleyel piano.”